Quries

Problem Description

Given a KB Restaurants.pl, which describes the distribution of branches of 10 well-known restaurants in Guangzhou.

For example, restaurant(ajukejiacai,2007,yuecai) means that ajukejiacai was founded in 2007 and is a restaurant of yuecai. branch(ajukejiacai,xintiandi) means that ajukejiacai has a branch in xintiandi. district(xintiandi,panyu) means that xintiandi is an area of panyu district.

Please formulate each of the following questions as a query using Prolog’s notation, pose it to Prolog, and obtain Prolog’s answer:

1. What restaurants have branches in beigang?
2. What districts have restaurants of yuecai and xiangcai?
3. What restaurants have the least number of branches?
4. What areas have two or more restaurants?
5. restaurant has the longest history?
6. restaurants have at least 10 branches?

Please define the new relation below using Prolog and test it.

• sameDistrict(Restaurant1, Restaurant2): Restaurant1 and Restaurant2 have one or more branches in the same district.

Codes and Results

``````?- ['Restaurants.pl','Rules.pl'].
true.

?- findall(R,branch(R,beigang),X).
X = [mixuebingcheng, huangmenjimifan, shaxianxiaochi].

?- setof(
|      D,
|      R1^R2^Y1^Y2^L1^L2^(
|        restaurant(R1,Y1,yuecai),
|        restaurant(R2,Y2,xiangcai),
|        branch(R1,L1),
|        branch(R2,L2),
|        district(L1,D),
|        district(L2,D)),
|      R).
R = [haizhu, liwan, panyu, tianhe, yuexiu].

?- findall(
|      MR,(
|        numBranches(MR,MN),
|        \+setof(
|          R,
|          N^(
|            numBranches(R,N),
|            MN > N),
|          List)),
|      X).
X = [hongmenyan].

?- setof(
|      A,
|      List^Len^(
|        setof(
|          R,
|          branch(R,A),
|          List),
|        length(List,Len),
|        Len>=2)
|      ,X).
X = [bainaohui, beigang, dongpu, shiqiao, tianhebei, xintiandi, yongfu, yuancun].

?- findall(
|      MYR,(
|        restaurant(MYR,MY,T2),
|        \+setof(
|          R,
|          T1^Y^(
|            restaurant(R,Y,T1),
|            MY>Y),
|          List)),
|      X).
X = [huangmenjimifan].

?- setof(R,N^(numBranches(R,N),N>=10),X).
X = [dagangxianmiaoshaoji, diandude, mixuebingcheng, muwushaokao, tongxianghui].
``````

`Rules.pl`

``````numBranches(X,L):-setof(Branch,Year^Type^(restaurant(X,Year,Type),branch(X,Branch)),Z),length(Z,L).
sameDistrict(X,Y):-branch(X,Area1),branch(Y,Area2),district(Area1,Dist),district(Area2,Dist).
``````

`Restaurants.pl`

``````restaurant(mixuebingcheng,1998,drinks).
restaurant(muwushaokao,2003,barbecue).
restaurant(diandude,1993,yuecai).
restaurant(ajukejiacai,2007,yuecai).
restaurant(hongmenyan,2015,yuecai).
restaurant(dagangxianmiaoshaoji,2015,yuecai).
restaurant(huangmenjimifan,1935,lucai).
restaurant(shaxianxiaochi,1998,mincai).
restaurant(tongxianghui,2013,xiangcai).
restaurant(yangguofu,2007,dongbeicai).

branch(mixuebingcheng,wushan).
branch(mixuebingcheng,lujiang).
branch(mixuebingcheng,shipaixi).
branch(mixuebingcheng,yiyuannan).
branch(mixuebingcheng,beiting).
branch(mixuebingcheng,xintiandi).
branch(mixuebingcheng,beigang).
branch(mixuebingcheng,chentian).
branch(mixuebingcheng,chisha).
branch(mixuebingcheng,longdong).
branch(mixuebingcheng,zhucun).
branch(mixuebingcheng,shiqiao).

branch(muwushaokao,gangding).
branch(muwushaokao,shayuan).
branch(muwushaokao,heguang).
branch(muwushaokao,tangxia).
branch(muwushaokao,dongpu).
branch(muwushaokao,shengdi).
branch(muwushaokao,xiaogang).
branch(muwushaokao,tonghe).
branch(muwushaokao,diwangguangchang).
branch(muwushaokao,runzhengguangchang).

branch(diandude,zhongshansi).
branch(diandude,huifudong).
branch(diandude,youtuobangshiguang).
branch(diandude,bainaohui).
branch(diandude,panfu).
branch(diandude,yangji).
branch(diandude,tianhebei).
branch(diandude,shiqiao).
branch(diandude,linhe).

branch(ajukejiacai,yongfu).
branch(ajukejiacai,xintiandi).
branch(ajukejiacai,shatainan).

branch(hongmenyan,xintiandi).
branch(hongmenyan,zhilanwan).

branch(dagangxianmiaoshaoji,yuancun).
branch(dagangxianmiaoshaoji,kecun).
branch(dagangxianmiaoshaoji,beishan).
branch(dagangxianmiaoshaoji,xinshi).
branch(dagangxianmiaoshaoji,dongpu).
branch(dagangxianmiaoshaoji,fangcun).
branch(dagangxianmiaoshaoji,cencun).
branch(dagangxianmiaoshaoji,changxing).
branch(dagangxianmiaoshaoji,gaosheng).

branch(huangmenjimifan,siyoubei).
branch(huangmenjimifan,yuancun).
branch(huangmenjimifan,dongxiaonan).
branch(huangmenjimifan,dongxiaonan).
branch(huangmenjimifan,dongqu).
branch(huangmenjimifan,dalingang).
branch(huangmenjimifan,pazhou).
branch(huangmenjimifan,beigang).

branch(shaxianxiaochi,kangwangnan).
branch(shaxianxiaochi,beigang).
branch(shaxianxiaochi,luolang).

branch(yangguofu,xintiandi).
branch(yangguofu,dayuan).
branch(yangguofu,shishangtianhe).
branch(yangguofu,chebei).

branch(tongxianghui,bainaohui).
branch(tongxianghui,tianhebei).
branch(tongxianghui,yongfu).
branch(tongxianghui,shimaocheng).
branch(tongxianghui,hanting).
branch(tongxianghui,yuanyangmingyuan).
branch(tongxianghui,zhongshanyilu).
branch(tongxianghui,huizhoudasha).
branch(tongxianghui,maoshengdasha).

district(wushan,tianhe).
district(shipaixi,tianhe).
district(longdong,tianhe).
district(gangding,tianhe).
district(heguang,tianhe).
district(tangxia,tianhe).
district(dongpu,tianhe).
district(youtuobangshiguang,tianhe).
district(bainaohui,tianhe).
district(tianhebei,tianhe).
district(linhe,tianhe).
district(yuancun,tianhe).
district(cencun,tianhe).
district(changxing,tianhe).
district(dalingang,tianhe).
district(shishangtianhe,tianhe).
district(chebei,tianhe).
district(bainaohui,tianhe).
district(hanting,tianhe).
district(yuanyangmingyuan,tianhe).

district(lujiang,haizhu).
district(yiyuannan,haizhu).
district(chisha,haizhu).
district(shayuan,haizhu).
district(xiaogang,haizhu).
district(runzhengguangchang,haizhu).
district(kecun,haizhu).
district(beishan,haizhu).
district(dongxiaonan,haizhu).
district(pazhou,haizhu).
district(huizhoudasha,haizhu).

district(beiting,panyu).
district(beigang,panyu).
district(xintiandi,panyu).
district(shiqiao,panyu).
district(zhilanwan,panyu).
district(maoshengdasha,panyu).

district(chentian,baiyun).
district(shengdi,baiyun).
district(tonghe,baiyun).
district(shatainan,baiyun).
district(xinshi,baiyun).
district(dayuan,baiyun).

district(diwangguangchang,yuexiu).
district(zhongshansi,yuexiu).
district(huifudong,yuexiu).
district(panfu,yuexiu).
district(yangji,yuexiu).
district(yongfu,yuexiu).
district(siyoubei,yuexiu).
district(zhongshanyilu,yuexiu).

district(fangcun,liwan).
district(gaosheng,liwan).
district(kangwangnan,liwan).
district(shimaocheng,liwan).

district(dongqu,huangpu).
district(luolang,huangpu).