# 2019 Multi-University Training Contest 3

## Distribution of books

#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
typedef long long ll;
const ll N = 2e5 + 9, NPOS = -1, INF = 2e14 + 7;
ll t, n, k, a[N], sum[N];
struct Ranker : vector<ll>
{
void init() { sort(begin(), end()), resize(unique(begin(), end()) - begin()); }
ll ask(ll x) const { return lower_bound(begin(), end(), x) - begin(); }
} rk;
struct SegmentTree
{
struct Seg
{
int l, r;
ll max;
void upd(ll mul, ll add) { max = max * mul + add; }
friend Seg up(const Seg &lc, const Seg &rc) { return {lc.l, rc.r, std::max(lc.max, rc.max)}; }
};
struct Node : Seg
{
int lc, rc;
};
vector<Node> v;
SegmentTree(int l, int r) { build(l, r); }
void build(int l, int r)
{
int rt = v.size();
v.push_back({});
v[rt].l = l, v[rt].r = r;
v[rt].max = -INF;
v[rt].lc = v[rt].rc = NPOS;
v[rt].mul = 1, v[rt].add = 0;
}
void down(int rt)
{
int m = v[rt].l + v[rt].r >> 1;
if (v[rt].lc == NPOS)
v[rt].lc = v.size(), build(v[rt].l, m);
if (v[rt].rc == NPOS)
v[rt].rc = v.size(), build(m + 1, v[rt].r);
v[rt].mul = 1, v[rt].add = 0;
}
void upd(int l, int r, ll mul, ll add, int rt = 0)
{
if (l <= v[rt].l && v[rt].r <= r)
down(rt);
if (r <= v[v[rt].lc].r)
else if (l >= v[v[rt].rc].l)
else
v[rt].Seg::operator=(up(v[v[rt].lc], v[v[rt].rc]));
}
Seg ask(int l, int r, ll rt = 0)
{
if (l <= v[rt].l && v[rt].r <= r)
return v[rt];
down(rt);
if (r <= v[v[rt].lc].r)
if (l >= v[v[rt].rc].l)
}
};
int ok(ll m)
{
SegmentTree t(0, rk.size());
for (int i = 1, p; i <= n; ++i)
{
if (ans >= k)
return 1;
if (ans > 0 && (p = rk.ask(sum[i]), ans > t.ask(p, p).max))
t.upd(p, p, 0, ans);
}
return 0;
}
ll bs(ll b, ll e)
{
if (e - b < 2)
return e;
ll m = b + e >> 1;
return ok(m) ? bs(b, m) : bs(m, e);
}
int main()
{
for (scanf("%lld", &t); t--;)
{
scanf("%lld%lld", &n, &k);
rk.assign(1, sum[0] = 0);
for (int i = 1; i <= n; ++i)
scanf("%lld", &a[i]), rk.push_back(sum[i] = sum[i - 1] + a[i]);
rk.init();
printf("%lld\n", bs(-INF, INF));
}
}

## Fansblog

#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
typedef long long ll;
struct Mod
{
const ll M, SM;
Mod(ll M) : M(M), SM(sqrt(M) + 0.5) {}
ll qadd(ll &a, ll b) const { return a += b, a < M ? a : a - M; } //假如a和b都已经在同余系内，就不必取模了，取模运算耗时很高
ll add(ll a, ll b) const { return qadd(a = (a + b) % M, M); }	//考虑a和b不在同余系内甚至为负数的情况
//ll mul(ll a, ll b) const { return add(a * b, M); }
ll mul(ll a, ll b) const { return add(a * b, -M * ll((long double)a / M * b)); }
/*
ll mul(ll a, ll b) const //无循环快速计算同余乘法，根据a*b是否爆ll替换a*b%M，需要a<M且b<M，可以调用时手动取模
{
ll c = a / SM, d = b / SM;
a %= SM, b %= SM;
ll e = add(add(a * d, b * c), c * d / SM * (SM * SM - M));
return add(add(a * b, e % SM * SM), add(c * d % SM, e / SM) * (SM * SM - M));
}
*/
ll pow(ll a, ll b) const
{
ll r = 1;
for (a = add(a, M); b; b >>= 1, a = mul(a, a))
if (b & 1)
r = mul(r, a);
return r;
}
ll inv(ll a) const { return pow(a, M - 2); } //要求M为素数
/*
ll inv(ll a) const							 //模m下a的乘法逆元，不存在返回-1（m为素数时a不为0必有逆元）
{
ll x, y, d = gcd(a, M, x, y);
return d == 1 ? add(x, M) : -1; //return pow(a, phi(M) - 1);
}
vector<ll> sol(ll a, ll b) const //解同余方程，返回ax=b(mod M)循环节内所有解
{
vector<ll> ans;
ll x, y, d = gcd(a, M, x, y);
if (b % d)
return ans;
ans.push_back(mul((b / d) % (M / d), x));
for (ll i = 1; i < d; ++i)
return ans;
}
*/
ll log(ll a, ll b) const
{
unordered_map<ll, ll> x;
for (ll i = 0, e = 1; i <= SM; ++i, e = mul(e, a))
if (!x.count(e))
x[e] = i;
for (ll i = 0, v = inv(pow(a, SM)); i <= SM; ++i, b = mul(b, v))
if (x.count(b))
return i * SM + x[b];
return -1;
}
};
bool isPrime(ll n, int S = 12) //MillerRabin素数测试，S为测试次数，用前S个素数测一遍，S=12可保证unsigned long long范围内无错；n<2请特判
{
static ll d, u, t, p[] = {2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29, 31, 37};
for (d = n - 1; !(d & 1);)
d >>= 1; //未对0，1做特判！
Mod mo(n);
for (int i = 0; i < S; ++i)
{
if (!(n % p[i]))
return n == p[i];
for (t = mo.pow(p[i], u = d); t != n - 1 && t != 1 && u != n - 1;)
t = mo.mul(t, t), u <<= 1;
if (t != n - 1 && !(u & 1))
return 0;
}
return 1;
}
int t;
int main()
{
for (scanf("%d", &t); t--;)
{
ll n, q = 1;
scanf("%lld", &n);
Mod m(n);
for (ll t = n - 2; t > 1; --t)
{
if (isPrime(t))
break;
q = m.mul(q, t);
}
printf("%lld\n", m.pow(q, n - 2));
}
}

#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
typedef long long ll;
struct Ranker : vector<ll>
{
void init() { sort(begin(), end()), resize(unique(begin(), end()) - begin()); }
int ask(ll x) const { return lower_bound(begin(), end(), x) - begin(); }
};
struct BaseFenwick
{
vector<ll> v;
BaseFenwick(int n) : v(n, 0) {}
{
for (; x < v.size(); x += x & -x)
v[x] += w;
}
{
ll ans = 0;
for (; x; x -= x & -x)
ans += v[x];
return ans;
}
int bs(int b, int e, ll sum)
{
if (e - b < 2)
return b;
int m = b + e >> 1;
return ask(m) > sum ? bs(b, m, sum) : bs(m, e, sum);
}
};
int main()
{
int t, n, m;
for (scanf("%d", &t); t--; printf("\n"))
{
scanf("%d%d", &n, &m);
Ranker a, rk;
for (int i = 0, w; i < n; ++i)
scanf("%d", &w), a.push_back(w), rk.push_back(a[i] * n + i);
rk.init();
BaseFenwick sum(rk.size() + 9), siz(sum);
for (int i = 0; i < n; ++i)
{
int pos = sum.bs(0, sum.v.size(), m - a[i]);