# 2018 Multi-University Training Contest 6

## oval-and-rectangle

#include<stdio.h>
#include<math.h>
int t,a,b;
int main()
{
for(scanf("%d",&t); t--; printf("%.6f\n",2*b+a*acos(-1)-5e-7))
scanf("%d%d",&a,&b);
}


## bookshelf

#include<bits/stdc++.h>
#define mul(a,b,c) ((1LL)*(a)*(b)%(c))
#define inv(a,b) pow(a,(b)-2,b)
using namespace std;
typedef int ll;
const ll N=1e6+7,M=1e9+7;
ll pow(ll a,ll b,ll m)
{
ll r=1;
for(a%=m; b; b>>=1,a=mul(a,a,m))
if(b&1)r=mul(r,a,m);
return r;
}
struct Factorial
{
vector<ll> fac,ifac;
ll M;
Factorial(int N,ll M):fac(N,1),ifac(N,1),M(M)
{
for(int i=1; i<N; ++i)fac[i]=mul(fac[i-1],i,M);
ifac[N-1]=inv(fac[N-1],M);
for(int i=N-1; i; --i)ifac[i-1]=mul(ifac[i],i,M);
}
ll c(int n,int m)
{
return mul(mul(fac[n],ifac[m],M),ifac[n-m],M);
}
} f(2*N,M);
struct Fibonacci:vector<ll>
{
Fibonacci(int N,ll M):vector<ll>(N,0)
{
for(int i=at(1)=1; i+1<N; ++i)at(i+1)=(at(i)+at(i-1))%M;
}
} fb(N,M-1);
struct Factor:vector<ll>
{
Factor(ll n)
{
for(ll i=1; i*i<=n; ++i)
if(n%i==0)push_back(i),push_back(n/i);
sort(begin(),end()),resize(unique(begin(),end())-begin());
}
};
int t,n,k,s,a[N];
{
if(~a[n])return a[n];
if(n==1)return a[n]=k;
Factor fac(n);
for(ll i=a[n]=0; i<fac.size(); ++i)
return a[n]=(f.c(n+k-1,k-1)-a[n]+M)%M;
}
int main()
{
for(scanf("%d",&t); t--; printf("%lld\n",mul(inv(f.c(n+k-1,k-1),M),s,M)))
{
scanf("%d%d",&n,&k),fill(a,a+n+1,-1);
Factor fac(n);
for(ll i=s=0; i<fac.size(); ++i)
}
}


#include<bits/stdc++.h>
#define mul(a,b,c) ((1LL)*(a)*(b)%(c))
#define inv(a,b) pow(a,(b)-2,b)
using namespace std;
typedef int ll;
const ll N=1e6+7,M=1e9+7;
ll pow(ll a,ll b,ll m)
{
ll r=1;
for(a%=m; b; b>>=1,a=mul(a,a,m))
if(b&1)r=mul(r,a,m);
return r;
}
struct Factorial
{
vector<ll> fac,ifac;
ll M;
Factorial(int N,ll M):fac(N,1),ifac(N,1),M(M)
{
for(int i=1; i<N; ++i)fac[i]=mul(fac[i-1],i,M);
ifac[N-1]=inv(fac[N-1],M);
for(int i=N-1; i; --i)ifac[i-1]=mul(ifac[i],i,M);
}
ll c(int n,int m)
{
return mul(mul(fac[n],ifac[m],M),ifac[n-m],M);
}
} f(2*N,M);
struct Fibonacci:vector<ll>
{
Fibonacci(int N,ll M):vector<ll>(N,0)
{
for(int i=at(1)=1; i+1<N; ++i)at(i+1)=(at(i)+at(i-1))%M;
}
} fb(N,M-1);
struct EulerSieve
{
vector<int> p,m,mu;
EulerSieve(int N):m(N,0),mu(N,0)
{
mu[1]=1;
for(long long i=2,k; i<N; ++i)
{
if(!m[i])p.push_back(m[i]=i),mu[i]=-1;
for(int j=0; j<p.size()&&(k=i*p[j])<N; ++j)
{
if((m[k]=p[j])==m[i])
{
mu[k]=0;
break;
}
mu[k]=-mu[i];
}
}
}
} e(N);
struct Factor:vector<ll>
{
Factor(ll n)
{
for(ll i=1; i*i<=n; ++i)
if(n%i==0)push_back(i),push_back(n/i);
sort(begin(),end()),resize(unique(begin(),end())-begin());
}
};
{
ll r=0;
Factor fac(n);
for(int i=0; i<fac.size(); ++i)
if(n%fac[i]==0)
r=(r+mul(f.c(n/fac[i]+k-1,k-1),(e.mu[fac[i]]+M)%M,M))%M;
return r;
}
int main()
{
int t,n,k,s;
for(scanf("%d",&t); t--; printf("%lld\n",mul(inv(f.c(n+k-1,k-1),M),s,M)))
{
scanf("%d%d",&n,&k);
Factor fac(n);
for(ll i=s=0; i<fac.size(); ++i)
}
}


## Ringland

#include <cstdio>
#include <algorithm>
using namespace std;

const int maxn=500000+10;

int t,n,l,u;
long long ans1,ans2,g;
int a[maxn],b[maxn];

int main()
{
scanf("%d",&t);
while (t--)
{
scanf("%d%d",&n,&l);
u=l/2;
for (int i=1;i<=n;i++) scanf("%d",&a[i]);
for (int i=1;i<=n;i++) scanf("%d",&b[i]);
if (a[1]<=b[1]) swap(a,b);
ans1=ans2=0;
for (int i=1;i<=n;i++)
{
g=a[i]-b[i];
if (g<0) g=-g;
if (g>u) g=l-g;
ans1+=g;
}
for (int i=1;i<n;i++)
{
g=a[i]-b[i+1];
if (g<0) g=-g;
if (g>u) g=l-g;
ans2+=g;
}
g=b[1]-a[n];
if (g<0) g=-g;
if (g>u) g=l-g;
ans2+=g;
printf("%I64d\n",min(ans1,ans2));
}
return 0;
}


## Werewolf

#include <cstdio>
#include <cstring>
#include <algorithm>
#include <vector>
#include <queue>
using namespace std;

const int maxn=100000+10;

int t,n,ans;
vector <int> pre[maxn];
int nxt[maxn],v[maxn],ind[maxn];
bool vis[maxn];
char s[15];
queue <int> q;

int dfs(int cur)
{
vis[cur]=true;
if ((v[cur]==0)||(vis[nxt[cur]])) return cur;
dfs(nxt[cur]);
}

int main()
{
scanf("%d",&t);
while (t--)
{
scanf("%d",&n);
memset(ind,0,sizeof(ind));
for (int i=1;i<=n;i++)
{
scanf("%d%s",&nxt[i],s);
if (s[0]=='v') v[i]=1;//1 村民
else v[i]=0;
pre[nxt[i]].push_back(i);
ind[nxt[i]]++;
}
for (int i=1;i<=n;i++)
if (ind[i]==0) q.push(i);
while (!q.empty())
{
int g=q.front();
q.pop();
ind[nxt[g]]--;
if (ind[nxt[g]]==0) q.push(nxt[g]);
}
memset(vis,false,sizeof(vis));
for (int i=1;i<=n;i++)
if (ind[i]&&(!vis[i])&&(v[i]==0))
{
int k=dfs(nxt[i]);
if (k==i) q.push(nxt[i]);
}
ans=0;
while (!q.empty())
{
int g=q.front();
q.pop();
ans++;
for (int i=0;i<pre[g].size();i++)
if (v[pre[g][i]]==1) q.push(pre[g][i]);
}
printf("0 %d\n",ans);
for (int i=1;i<=n;i++) pre[i].clear();
}
return 0;
}


## Pinball

#include<bits/stdc++.h>
#define X real()
#define Y imag()
using namespace std;
const double EPS=1e-9,PI=acos(-1),g=9.8;
typedef complex<double> Coord;
int sgn(double d)
{
return (d>EPS)-(d<-EPS);
}
int t,ans;
int main()
{
for(scanf("%d",&t); t--; printf("%d\n",ans))
{
double a,b,x,t;
scanf("%lf%lf%lf%lf",&a,&b,&x,&t);
for(Coord p(x,-x*b/a),v(ans=0,-sqrt(2*g*(t+x*b/a))); sgn(p.X)<=0; ++ans)
v*=polar(1.0,2*arg(Coord(-a,b))-2*arg(v)+PI),
t=2*(b*v.X/a+v.Y)/g,
p=Coord(p.X+v.X*t,p.Y+v.Y*t-g*t*t/2),
v=Coord(v.X,v.Y-g*t);
}
}